The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

France, along with Belgium, has seen the largest numbers of volunteers leaving to join the Islamic State jihadist group, which has seized large parts of Syriaand Iraq.

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9. Ambrose Akinmusire “the imagined savior is far easier to paint” (Blue Note) The trumpeter Ambrose Akinmusire imbued his second Blue Note album with the searching, genre-fluid sound of today, enlisting singer-singers and a string quartet. His social commentary feels even more urgent and stinging now than it did when the album was released.
When scientists discover how to shrink humans to five inches tall as a solution to overpopulation, Paul (Matt Damon) and his wife Audrey (Kristen Wiig) decide to abandon their stressed lives in order to get small and move to a new downsized community, a choice that triggers life-changing adventures.
该报道称,并没有老师和学生喝了有毒的水。
英国《金融时报》2017年高管教育排行榜列出了全球85个最佳定制课程和75个最佳开放课程。排名主要基于学员和客户的满意度以及学校收入增长、国际化程度和师资多样性等指标。

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 天津市工商联建材瓷砖商会5月17日揭牌成立 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

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PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

中国进口下降在很大程度上源于大宗商品价格走低,而后者反过来又是中国总体需求下降的结果。中国已经多年是铁矿石、煤炭、铜等材料的世界最大消费国。
Don't Make Yourself Too Comfortable
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2015年,欧盟仅提起了12起反倾销案,较前一年减少了2起。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

默里留了满脸胡子,这样汉农就能修剪成附图中这种浓密的胡子。“比尔以前从没留过这种胡子,”汉农说,“加点新东西,挺可爱的。”
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7) Let Me Play Devil’s Advocate: Looking for a subtle way to critique? Turn the conversation into an exercise where you’re a detached party performing a function: Poking holes in the logic and plan of attack. You use this strategy to stress test ideas without making the process personal.

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Ellen DeGeneres:
'Gangnam Style' beat 'Call Me Maybe' as the most trending pop song and 'Skyfall' topped 'Prometheus' as the most enquired about film.

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 地产投资增速8月终结三连跌 各地楼市将持续分化 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

Johan Pettersson被授予搞笑化学奖,以表彰其揭示了瑞典小城Andersl?v居民的头发会变绿的原因,因为这里的水中含铜量太大。
上周四,中国电影资料馆副馆长张晓光表示,这些电影从来自100个国家的2000多部候选影片中脱颖而出,将于4月8日到23日期间在北京30多个电影院和大学放映。
哈里·斯泰尔斯《哈里·斯泰尔斯》
一有机会就炫一下小卷毛。

刘志明:如何打造中国家居建材大数据舆情智库

詹姆斯?弗兰科的关于拍摄《房间》的新片会让你笑破肚皮,但是这部电影具有深刻内涵,而不是简单的嘲讽。
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But nearly two-thirds (65 percent) of white evangelical Protestants say they think the storms are evidence of the "end times" as predicted by the Bible.
那么,当你看到17岁的尼克?达洛伊西奥(Nick D’Aloisio)意气风发地走进伦敦巴尔?布鲁(Bar Boulud)餐厅,与人坚定地握着手,描绘他未来事业蓝图的时候,你应该会惊讶得合不拢嘴了吧。他就像是个来自硅谷的首席执行长(CEO),应对媒体时从容不迫,技巧上可以打97的高分。聊天时,他眼神坚定地注视着你,从诺姆?乔姆斯基(Noam Chomsky)的理论、神经网络科学,到移民心态乃至佛教瑜伽,他一切话题都能自信地畅所欲言。但他又像是个One Direction男孩组合的成员,修长的身材配着嬉皮T恤和修身小西装,头发凌乱地搭在脑门前,一边咬着吉士汉堡,一边发表着让人瞠目结舌的见解。
'She enjoys it and we don't force her to do anything she doesn't want to do.'
出演《美国队长3:英雄决裂》的斯嘉丽-约翰逊排名第三,收入为2500万美元,比去年下降了近30%。
美国航天局(Nasa)表示,2015年气温以0.13摄氏度之差,打破了2014年创下的记录。
It is the eighth straight year that the metropolis has led Chinese cities in terms of consumer spending.
与此同时,最近几个月,中国内地投资者一直在迅速开设股票交易账户并将资金投入股市。上证综指已成为亚洲今年表现最佳的股指,今年迄今已累计上涨近45%。

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

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Losing my future is not like losing an election or a few points on the stock market. I am here to speak for all generations to come. 失去未来不像落选选举或者股市浮动那么简单,我来到这里是为了将来所有的世代而演讲。
根据中国海关的数据,今年头十个月,中国对美国出口同比增长5.2%,对东盟(Asean)国家出口同比增长3.7%。
其他入围者分别是:《失去信号:黑莓离奇崛起与惊人陨落背后不为人知的故事》(Losing the Signal: The Untold Story Behind the Extraordinary Rise and Spectacular Fall of Blackberry),作者杰基麦克尼什(Jacquie Mcnish)和肖恩缠尔科夫(Sean Silcoff)回顾了黑莓是怎样偏离了航向;《数字黄金:比特币背后不为人知的故事》(Digital Gold: The Untold Story of Bitcoin),作者纳塔涅尔波佩尔(Nathaniel Popper)审视了虚拟货币比特币的崛起;《音乐如何变免费:一整代人犯下同样罪行的后果》(How Music Got Free: What Happens When an Entire Generation Commits the Same Crime?),作者斯蒂芬威特(Stephen Witt)介绍了盗版和对等网络共享(P2P)扰乱唱片业的历史;《做不完的事:女人、男人、工作、家庭》(Un滻椀猀栀攀搀 Business: Women Men Work Family),作者安妮-玛丽斯劳特(Anne-Marie Slaughter)在书中讨论了实现性别平衡面临的挑战,以及《行为不端:解读行为经济学》(Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioural Economics),作者理查德泰勒(Richard Thaler)追踪了行为经济学的发展。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

The online notice about the retraction lists all 107 articles and 524 authors, nearly all of whom are clinical cancer specialists from China. The hospitals named are all top public institutions.

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

Mr Williams notes that early November data from the likes of Brazil, Vietnam, Taiwan and Chile suggests the picture has continued to improve since October.
2. Audiologist

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

神经系统科学家发现了小脑的一项全新功能。长期以来人们一直认为小脑基本上与意识直觉等活动无关,它的主要作用是协调站立、呼吸等基本的身体活动,然而,实际上小脑在影响人类行为上也发挥着重要作用。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)